Ever wondered where your recycling goes once it has been processed at Kurrajong Recycling?

Australian and international markets for recycled materials determine where we can sell your recycled materials. Australia has few manufacturing companies that can use recycled material, so much of the nation’s recycling must be sold overseas. As some of our buyers on-sell our materials, we do not know all the end-users of our products.

Our glass bottles and jars are intentionally broken during the sorting process, and some is sold to a Brisbane company to make new containers. Most of our glass is processed into crushed glass and sold to councils and businesses for road making, pipe-laying backfill, and site stabilisation around buildings or sites such as sewage treatment works.

Victorian, NSW, Queensland and international companies buy our number 1, 2 and 5 plastics which are the most saleable plastics. These companies may process and on-sell these plastics, or make new products such as pallets, irrigation pipes; soft drink, shampoo and detergent bottles; outdoor furniture, carpet fibres, fleece jackets, fence posts, bollards, plumbing pipe fittings, and compost bins.

As Australia has no rolling mills and very few smelting facilities, companies on-sell our aluminium to South Korean and other international companies for rolling and smelting and then reuse by industry. Recycled aluminium is used to make aluminium cans, automotive engines, window and door frames, saucepans and other homewares.

Our steel cans are purchased by a company in Albury that on-sells to foundries in Australia, NZ, Asia and India. And an international company that distributes steel to their Australian steel mills and international customers. A local metal business is the sole buyer for all our steel scrap metal. Steel is recycled into new steel cans, cars, construction steel, aeroplanes and train tracks. Unlike recycled plastics, paper and cardboard; steel and aluminium can be recycled indefinitely.

Currently, three companies buy our bales of cardboard for pulping and remanufacture into new products. These materials are processed locally and abroad and used in manufacturing cardboard boxes, paper bags, egg cartons, cereal boxes, newspaper, toilet rolls and kitty litter. The layers of paper used in its construction make cardboard more durable than paper.

We process paper into bales of shredded (from our document destruction service) and un-shredded paper, mixed-colour paper or white paper. Our paper is purchased and processed by a number of Australian and international companies. Some shredded paper is sold locally for packaging and animal bedding. Paper and cardboard are recycled into similar products such as cardboard boxes, fruit and egg cartons, cereal boxes, newspaper, toilet rolls, insulation, kitty litter, and small animal bedding and litter.

E-waste contains large amounts of plastic and precious metals, including gold, silver, platinum, nickel, zinc, aluminium and copper. Most of our disassembled e-waste is taken to Melbourne. The cabling, circuit boards, glass, metals and plastics are then processed or on-sold as raw materials for making new products in Australia and overseas. Our dismantled Perspex TV and computer screens are used by a Wagga Wagga business.

Hopefully, Australia will support the growth of local industries and ‘close the resource loop’ within our country and reduce our dependency on overseas markets. But until then, the economic viability of Australia’s recycling industry depends on being able to sell into both Australian and international markets.

How does Kurrajong Recycling process my recycling?

Our facilities operate five days a week, processing the thousands of tonnes of recyclable material we receive each year.


We sort items from your yellow-lid bin mechanically and manually (by hand) into glass, paper and cardboard, three different plastics (numbers 1, 2 and 5 as these are easily sold), aluminium and steel. All these materials except glass are then compressed into bales that are tied with wire.


Glass is intentionally broken during the sorting process. It is then called cullet which is used for making bottles and jars. Cullet may be further processed into crushed glass if we send it through the crushing plant.


Crushed glass is then stored in piles and is then stored in piles and is used mostly for road building. Glass is loaded directly into truck trailers. Once sorted, our products are sold nationally and internationally to manufacturers and on-sellers.


Non-recyclable items which we call contamination, such as plastic bags, bedding and hoses are manually removed from the conveyor belt. At great expense ($145/tonne) we send a semi-truck load of contamination to landfill every day.

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